Natural Stone | How It's Made

In this section we explain how a stone is manufactured. This information can be very advantageous because it enables you to understand stone from the beginning and evaluate its performance aspects: why certain stone floors wear better and longer. Plus, perhaps most important, understanding how a stone floor is created can help you better determine the value of stone keep you inside the borders of your budget.

  • blocks of stone are cut from earth with diamond studded, high speed equipment
  • diamond wire cutting system revolutionized the extraction process
  1. blocks then moved to a processing plant
  2. then cut into slabs
  3. takes 2 days for a saw to cut a 20 ton block of stone
  4. sent through a polishing machine for the finish
  5. finishes range from rough, rustic texture to mirrored polish
  6. slab is calibrated to uniform thickness
  7. customized for specific installations
  8. edges shaped and polished
  9. for tiles, slabs are just cut down
  10. polished with a different machine than slabs
  11. tiles packaged, shipped and stored (vertically only)

Manufactured Stone

  • also called Agglomerate Stone
  • synthetic stone made from natural stone chips
  • suspended in a binder such as cement, epoxy resins or polyester
  • popular types  made mostly of quartz
  • natural quartz gives depth, strength and consistency
  • offers look of natural stone but can be more cost-effective
  • available in a wide array of colors from neutrals to brights
  • scratch resistant but not scratch proof
  • doesn’t require sealing because it’s non-porous
  • highly resistant to staining, very hygienic and maintenance free
  • four times the flexural strength of granite, less chance of chipping or cracking
  • can be used in many applications, including flooring,